Do Myopia Control Lenses Work? A Comprehensive Look

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If you or your child has received a diagnosis of myopia, commonly known as nearsightedness, you may already be familiar with the concept of myopia control lenses. These lenses represent a notable advancement in vision care, specifically tailored to address the concerns surrounding the progression of myopia in children and adolescents. However, the lingering question prevails – do these myopia control lenses genuinely live up to their promise of slowing down the advancement of myopia? In the following discourse, we will embark on a comprehensive exploration of the efficacy of myopia control lenses, shedding light on how these innovative optical solutions can significantly influence and contribute to the well-being of your child’s vision.

Myopia control lenses, often heralded as a proactive approach in the field of optometry, are crafted with a specific goal in mind – to mitigate the rate of myopic progression, particularly in the formative years of childhood and adolescence. The key question that surfaces amid this promising prospect is whether these lenses indeed deliver on their commitment to curbing myopia’s advancement.

Understanding Myopia

Before we delve into the details of myopia control lenses, let’s get a grasp of what myopia really is. Myopia, commonly known as nearsightedness, is a prevalent eye condition where distant objects appear blurry while close-up objects remain clear. This occurs when the eyeball grows excessively long or when the cornea, the transparent front covering of the eye, is too curved. Consequently, the incoming light doesn’t focus properly onto the retina.

Myopia typically begins during childhood and tends to progress as children grow, often stabilizing in early adulthood. The condition can have varying degrees of severity. If left unaddressed, especially in cases of high myopia, it can lead to significant eye health issues in the future. These issues may include glaucoma, cataracts, retinal detachment, and, in extreme cases, even blindness.

It’s crucial to note that myopia is a common refractive error, affecting a substantial portion of the population. However, advancements in eye care have led to the development of myopia control measures, such as specialized lenses, to manage and potentially slow down its progression. By understanding the basics of myopia, individuals can make informed decisions about their eye health and take proactive steps to address and manage this common vision issue.

What are Myopia Control Lenses?

Myopia control lenses are specialized eyeglasses or contact lenses designed to slow down the progression of myopia in children and adolescents. They work by altering how light focuses on the retina (the back part of the eye), which can help reduce stress and fatigue on the eye and potentially slow down further elongation of the eyeball.

There are several types of myopia control lenses available:

1. Aspheric Lenslets: Aspheric lenslets, incorporated into spectacle lenses, use specialized optics to distribute peripheral defocus in a controlled manner. These lenslets aim to provide a more balanced visual experience across the retina, potentially reducing the stimulus for axial elongation and slowing down myopia progression.

2. Orthokeratology (Ortho-K) Lenses: Orthokeratology (Ortho-K) lenses, a revolutionary vision correction method, involve the use of rigid gas permeable contact lenses worn overnight to temporarily reshape the cornea during sleep. This non-surgical approach is particularly appealing to those seeking an alternative to traditional eyewear or refractive surgery. By gently altering the corneal curvature, Ortho-K lenses offer temporary vision improvement throughout the day. This lens-wearing technique is appreciated for its ability to provide clear vision without the need for daytime glasses or contact lenses. However, consistent and careful adherence to prescribed usage and regular eye check-ups are essential for optimal and safe outcomes.These are rigid gas permeable contact lenses worn overnight that temporarily reshape your cornea while you sleep.

3. Myopia Control Soft Contact Lenses: A specific type of contact lens designed for myopia control, and it is notable for being the first and currently one of the few soft contact lenses approved by regulatory agencies for slowing down the progression of myopia in children. The development of Myopia Control Soft Contact Lenses is a response to the global increase in myopia prevalence, particularly among young individuals. It utilize a dual-focus design, which means that they correct both central vision for clarity and introduce myopic defocus in the periphery of the retina. This intentional myopic defocus in the peripheral visual field aims to slow down the elongation of the eyeball, a common factor in the progression of myopia.

Do Myopia Control Lenses Work?

Now, the question you’ve been waiting for—do myopia control lenses work? The answer is yes, according to several scientific studies. Research has shown that myopia control lenses can slow down the progression of myopia by up to 50% in some cases.

A study published in the Journal of Ophthalmology found that children who wore multifocal lenses had slower progression of their myopia over three years compared to those who wore regular single vision lenses. Another study published in the British Journal of Ophthalmology found that orthokeratology lenses significantly slowed down axial elongation (lengthening of the eyeball), a key factor in myopia progression.

However, it’s important to note that while these lenses can slow down the progression of myopia, they don’t cure it or reverse existing nearsightedness. They are a management tool, not a one-time fix.

Choosing the Right Myopia Control Lenses

If you’re considering myopia control lenses for your child, it’s crucial to consult with an eye care professional who specializes in pediatric optometry or orthokeratology. They can assess your child’s eyes and recommend the most suitable type of lens based on their age, lifestyle, and severity of myopia.

Remember that successful use of these lenses requires commitment from both parents and children. The lenses need to be worn consistently as prescribed by the eye doctor for them to be effective.


In conclusion, myopia control lenses do work in slowing down the progression of nearsightedness in children and adolescents. While they may not be able to completely halt or reverse myopia, they offer a promising solution for managing this common eye condition and potentially preventing serious eye health issues later on.

As with any medical intervention, it’s essential to have a thorough discussion with your eye care professional about the benefits and potential risks of myopia control lenses. With their guidance, you can make an informed decision that best supports your child’s eye health and vision needs.

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